Overview of APA Referencing Style Examples

Just like Harvard referencing sytle, APA referencing style is also a very common styles in academic and professional writing. It covers several areas, including 1) title page, 2) abstract, 3) in-text citations, and 4) reference page.

The APA referencing style examples for the respective areas are as illustrated below.


Title Page

The title page should contain the below.

-Paper’s title

-Author’s name

-Institution affiliation


Further, the title page should page header flush left. The page number should flush right.


Title: The title should

-Be in uppercase and lowercase letters.

-Be placed in the page’s upper half.

-Be less than 12 words.

-Not contain abbreviations.

-Be double-spaced.


Author’s Name: The author’s name should

-Appear after the title

-Include first name, middle name in initials, and last name.

-Not use titles like PhD or Dr.


Institutional Affiliation: Institutional affiliation should

-Should indicate the place where research was conducted.



The abstract should

-Begin on a new page.

-Have the page header.

-Have the word “Abstract” centered at the top.

-Not be indented.

-When possible include keywords at the bottom.


APA Referencing In Text Citations

In-text citations should

-Include author’s name and publication date.

-Be followed by a complete reference in the reference list.

-Capitalize proper nouns such as author names and their initials, e.g. C. Williams.

-Capitalize words in the “Title” that are four words and longer, e.g. Relevance and Details.

-When you capitalize, capitalize all the hyphenated words, e.g. Drug-Related Cases.

-Capitalize the first word after a colon or dash, e.g. “Exploring Rhetoric: The Case of Shakespeare’s Merchant of Venice.”

-Italicize longer works’ titles, including books, edited collections, documentaries, movies, albums, or television series, e.g. The God FatherThe Big Bang TheoryMarco Polo.

-Include quotation marks for titles of shorter works like song titles, TV series episodes, edited collections articles, and journal articles, e.g. “This Must Be Looked Into: A Corpus Study of the Prepositional Passive.”


Short Quotation APA Referencing Style Examples

In short quotations you should:

-Include author’s name, publication year, and page number for direct quotes, e.g.

According to Williams (2019), “Referring to examples helps refine your referencing skills” (p. 219).


Williams (2019) observes “examples help refine individual’s referencing skills” (p. 219).


He stated, “Referring to examples helps refine your referencing skills” (Williams, 2019, p. 219).


Long Quotation APA Referencing Style Examples

In long quotations you should:

-Create free-standing blocks for quotations 40 words and longer.

-Omit quotation marks.

-Start in a new line.

-Be indented using half and inch margin, just like a new paragraph.

-Include parenthetical citation after the closing punctuation mark.


Williams (2019) study found that:

Referring to examples helps refine your referencing skills. This is particularly the case where individuals are new to referencing. Students who relied on referencing guides with examples exhibit better skills in areas such as general paper format, in-text citations, and reference list. (p. 219).


APA Reference Page Examples

APA reference page may contain references from different sources. Such references vary based on their source as illustrated below.




Edited Book without Author

Robertson, I., Callinan, M., & Bartram, D. (Eds.). (2002). Organizational effectiveness the role of psychology. Chichester: Wiley.


Edited Book with Author(s)

Gaines, L. K., & Worrall, J. L. (2012). Police administration. C. W. Jason (Ed.).  Clifton Park, NY: Delma.


A Translation

Tyler, M. (2005). Conventions of sound in the poetry of Seamus Heaney (W. L. Charles & J. K. Jameson, Trans.). New York: Routledge. (Original work published 1859)


Note: In text citations for a source like the above should have both the dates, e.g. Tyler (1859/2005).


An Edition of the Book

Moloney, K. M. (2015). Seamus Heaney and the emblems of hope (3rd ed.). Columbia: University of Missouri.


Article/Chapter in an Edited Book


Collins, F. (2003). Seamus Heaney: The crisis of identity. In J. M Huffman (Ed.), Nation and poetry (pp. 101-134). Newark: University of Delaware.


Note: “The crisis of identity” is the title of chapter and “Nation and poetry” is title of book.

In the parentheses, citation should appear as Collins (3rd ed., pp. 101-134).


Multivolume Work

Heaney, S. (Ed.). (1996). The spirit level (Vols. 1-5). London: Faber and Faber.



Journal Articles

Volume Paginated Articles

MacIntosh, E. W., & Doherty, A. (2010), The influence of organizational culture on job satisfaction and intention to

leave. Sport Management Review, 13, 106–117.


Issue Paginated Article

Chegini, M. G. (2010). The Relationship between organizational culture and staff productivity public

organizations. Journal of Social Sciences, 6(1), 127-129.


A Magazine Article

Daniels, M. A. (1998, December). Motivation and job satisfaction. Time, 36, 226–231.


Newspaper Article

Roodt, G. (2002). Job satisfaction in relation to organisational culture. Washington Post, pp. 1A, 2A.


Letter to Editor

Burgess, M. G. (2010) Video-assisted-refereeing versus conventional refereeing [Letter to the editor]. Technology

America, 127(3), 19.



Tietjen, M. A., & Myers, R. M. (2008). Motivation and job satisfaction [Review of the book Management Decision:

Getting it Right, by J. W. Jacobs & M. Michaels]. Management Journal, 36, 226–231.



Electronic Sources


Kawa, A. (2014). Introduction to YARN [PDF file]. (James, C. K. & Esther, N. T., Trans.) Retrieved from

https://www.ibm.com/developerworks/library/bd-yarn-intro/index.html (Original work published 1999).


Web source without Author and Date

SNIA Education. (n.d). Retrieved from



Note: Include access date if there is a likelihood the page’s content will change over time, e.g.

SNIA Education. (n.d). Retrieved December 29, 2019, from



Online Periodical Article

Moses, M. (2015). Apache Hadoop essentials. Technology Online Periodical, 309. Retrieved from



Online Journal Article with DOI

Justin, M. K. (2016). Hadoop architecture explained-What it is and why it matters. Journal of Information

Technology, 40, 1255-1274. doi:10.1108/03090560710821161


Online Journal Article without DOI

Paulson, W. P. (2016). EHR architecture. Journal of Information Technology, 11. Retrieved from



Electronic Books

Taylor, D. (n.d). Introduction to HDFS for big data applications. Retrieved from



Gates, D. (n.d). Introduction to HDFS and Hadoop for big data applications. Available from



Kindle Books

Kelvin, A. (2018). Introduction to YARN [Kindle DX version]. Retrieved from Amazon.com


Chapter or Section of an Online Book or Web Document

Kennedys, A. (2019). Introduction to YARN properties. In W. Williams and S. M. Samuels (Eds.), Information

Technology Interoperability. Retrieved from https://www.snia.org/sites/default/education


Kennedys, A. (2019). Introduction to YARN properties. In W. Williams and S. M. Samuels (Eds.), Information

Technology Interoperability. Retrieved from Goldstar database.


Note: “Introduction to YARN properties” is the chapter/section, while “Information Technology Interoperability” is the book.


Also the URL should point to the specific chapter/section and not the whole book.


Data Sets

United State Department of Health and Human Services. (2018). Medicare Insured Population in California

[Data file]. Retrieved from https://www.hhs.gov/programs/health-insurance/california