What is a Capstone Project?
At some point of their academic pursuit, scholars could be required to do a capstone project.
While for some the task is arduous because it is challenging to come up with appropriate ideas for a capstone project; to others, it is because they lack a clear understanding of what is required of them.
Before you embark on the writing process, you should make sure that all the expectations of a capstone are well understood.
This understanding is essential in producing quality work.
So, the question to ask is:
“What is a capstone project?”
Accordingly, capstone project meaning could slightly vary for distinctive people due to the diverse requirements for different fields, instructors, and institutions.
That noted, a general definition of a capstone project could be:
“A culminating exercise that usually defines successful pursuit of a course that mainly requires the application of acquired knowledge in examining specific ideas”.
Note that although capstone projects are sometimes executed in high schools and colleges, they are more common at graduate and post-graduate levels.
Normally, it consists of an assignment at the end of a higher education course that requires a wide-range application of skills and knowledge a student has acquired during the course.
To complete the capstone project successfully, you may have to engage in teamwork, data gathering and analysis, report writing, presentation of information, and peer-assessment exercises.
However, the most important element of capstone projects is often a written account that reveals the student’s mastery of the overall course material.
Since most courses allow a student to choose what to explore in a capstone project, the choice can be indicative of the individual’s aptitude and interests.
Common examples include DNP capstone projects.
How to Write a Capstone Project
Now that you understand “what is a capstone project”, it is time to learn how to execute one.
Note that a capstone project plan comes in handy when executing these projects.
Such a plan encompasses different steps. These steps are part of the writing process that defines the capstone project meaning.
These steps include:
1. Choosing an appropriate issue to examine;
2. Conducting an extensive, valid, and up-to-date review of literature;
3. Formulating an appropriate and executable research approach;
4. Data gathering and analysis;
5. Application of available frameworks, models, and theories to interpret findings; and
6. Drawing conclusions and making recommendations for further research.
Choosing an appropriate Capstone Project Topic
This is the first step when it comes to how to write a capstone project. It requires you to come up with appropriate ideas for a capstone project.
Choosing the right topic plays an important role in giving the capstone project the appropriate direction.
Because of the demanding nature of a typical capstone project, the selection of a suitable research topic is especially important.
This nature usually answers the question “what is a capstone project” and may entail:
1. Rigorous fieldwork,
2. In-depth analysis, and
3. An elaborate writing processes.
Although some courses may have fixed instructions about topics that should be researched, most require the student to identify the topic of examination.
Consequently, the topic of choice is important because it reveals a student’s interest in the explored area.
If the student has some latitude in the choice of a topic, approval of the selected research issue from the project supervisor might be necessary.
Notably, a suitable research topic should have the below attributes:
1. Should be within the scope of the course. A good choice should enable the student to apply many of the concepts learned and skills acquired during the study period.
The topic should not be too broad or extremely narrow to make it difficult for the student to obtain analyzable data or information.
2. A good research topic should as well address gaps in knowledge or problems in a field that have not been examined comprehensively.
However, replicating the work of other researchers to confirm their findings might also be permissible.
This is the second step in the capstone project plan.
Markedly, the primary objective of reviewing literature is to connect one’s inquiry to the efforts of other researchers.
Because the goal of research is to advance knowledge, a good literature review identifies historic and current views on the research issue.
A synthesis of experts’ views allows the student to pinpoint gaps in knowledge that the study can address.
This process entails gathering current and past information and data on areas related to your capstone project’s area of study.
Such information and data could be obtained from different sources, including:
1. Hard copy materials from libraries or
2. Online sources like government or institutions’ websites, eBooks, and online journals.
Note that all sources should be critically appraised to establish their credibility.
Developing a Research Method
The research methods are at the center of what is a capstone project.
Note that the research topic determines the specific approaches that can examine it effectively.
The field of study may also restrict the student to a number of approaches – for instance, an experimental science student may be constrained to experimental methods.
In a project, the student can employ a single method or a combination of them.
Examples of common research methods include:
2. Case studies,
3. Content analysis,
4. Experiments, and
By selecting the right research method, the student obtains valid data that can be analyzed to answer the research question.
Gathering and analyzing Data
In this step, learners should pick research questions and approaches that allow them to collect data or information for analysis.
During data collection, you may be required to interact with potential employers; accordingly, it is prudent for to select research approaches that allow you to exhibit your strengths and competency.
Most fields of study have standardized data collection and analysis techniques that enhance a project’s legitimacy and replicability.
Consequently, the student should endeavor to follow established data collection and analysis methods, or to modify them appropriately to suit the requirements of the research.
A key goal of research is to ascertain whether a study’s results corroborate or contradict previous findings.
Researchers establish theories about the way phenomena relate, leading to the creation of models and frameworks about them.
Consequently, you should identify how the study’s findings or new insights fit in the established theories.
If the findings fail to match reputable theories, the student should provide credible reasons for such findings.
For instance, you may identify possible sources of errors in:
1. The research design,
2. Execution, or
3. Analysis approaches.
By adding to or contradicting established theories about issues, you should aim to contribute to available knowledge about the subject, which is the goal of systematic research.
Drawing Conclusions and making Recommendations
In the final section of a capstone project, you should restate the research question and summarize the study’s approach and findings.
You should go ahead and evaluate the study’s achievements and limitations, thereby establishing how it has achieved its stated aims and contributed to knowledge in the field.
The section offers you the opportunity to inform readers about how other studies could be conducted to improve upon the findings of the present study.
Furthermore, you could make recommendations for real-world interventions based on the study’s findings.
The recommendations should allow you to highlight the utility of the capstone project.